After the Great Balkan Crisis, in August 1878, Austro-Hungarian troops occupied Bosnia and Herzegovina and Austria-Hungary finally annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina in October 1908 as a joint maintenance under the control of the Ministry of Finance, instead of attaching it to either Austria or Hungary. The occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina was a step in response to the Russian advance in Bessarabia. Since Austria-Hungary was unable to mediate between the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire over control of Serbia, it declared neutrality when the conflict between the rich degenerated into a degenerate war.  To thwart Russian and French interests in Europe, an alliance was concluded with Germany in October 1879 and with Italy in May 1882. The Triple Entente (Russian: Тройственная Антанта, Romanized: Troystvennaya Antanta, from the French Entente [ɑ⌘ ] means “friendship, understanding, agreement”) describes the informal understanding between the Russian Empire, the French Third Republic and Great Britain. It was built on the Franco-Russian alliance of 1894, the Entente Cordiale of 1904 between Paris and London and the Anglo-Russian Entente of 1907. It has made a powerful counterweight to the tripartite alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. Unlike the Triple Alliance or the Franco-Russian Alliance itself, the Triple Entente was not a mutual defense alliance. The Franco-Japanese Treaty of 1907 was an important part of coalition building when France took the lead in creating alliances with Japan, Russia and (informally) Britain. Japan wanted to borrow from Paris, so France subordinated the loan to a Russian-Japanese agreement and a Japanese guarantee for France`s strategically vulnerable assets in Indochina. Britain has encouraged Russian-Japanese rapprochement. Thus was born the Triple Entente Coalition that led the First World War.  At the beginning of the First World War, in 1914, the three members of the Triple Entente entered it as Allied Powers against the middle powers of Germany and Austria-Hungary. On September 4, 1914, the Triple Entente made a declaration in which it undertook not to conclude a separate peace and to demand only terms of peace agreed between the three parties.  Historians continue to debate the importance of the alliance system as one of the causes of the First World War. Italy had several reasons to join the existing Austro-German alliance. The Italian government was then controlled by conservatives who ideologically sympathized with both monarchies. Catholic Austria was also a traditional protector of the Vatican that Italy wanted to welcome. But most importantly, Italy was looking for potential allies against France. The Kingdom of Italy, like some of the other European powers, wanted to create colonies and build an overseas empire. Although France supported Italian unification, Italy`s colonial ambitions in Africa soon put it in competition with France.  This was reflected in the anger aroused by the French conquest of Tunisia in 1881, the Schiaffo di Tunisi, described by the Italian press as a possible colony, which many Italians saw as a potential colony.
By joining the Alliance, Italy hoped to secure its support in the event of foreign aggression. The main alliance forced each signatory country to support the other parties when two other countries attacked. Germany had won a war against France in 1870 and was a natural ally of Italy. Thus, Italy resigned itself to its historic enemy Austria-Hungary, against whom Italy had fought three wars in the 34 years before the signing of the first treaty. [b] The triple alliance was an agreement between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. It was founded on 20 May 1882  and was regularly renewed until its end in 1915 during the First World War. Germany and Austria-Hungary had been closely allied since 1879. Italy sought support against France shortly after losing North African ambitions above the French. . . .