After lengthy discussions on a backstop, the two sides finally agreed on the “Northern Ireland Protocol” and concluded the agreement. Following the UK`s departure from the EU on 31 January, the parties began negotiations on their future relations, including delicate trade relations. The discussions, whose logistics were hampered by the coronavirus pandemic, were undermined by competing visions of economic competition rules and the complexity of managing tariffs and tariffs on goods travelling between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. This week, the British government passed laws that threaten to reverse the main provisions of the protocol. Although the British government says the changes will protect the Good Friday agreement, the EU is concerned that it will do the opposite. A total of 428 terrorists have been released since the program began 22 months ago, 143 of whom were serving life sentences. Serial killers and bombers, many of whom are responsible for the worst atrocities committed in 30 years of violence in the province, were released today to be greeted by cheering supporters. The final withdrawal agreement between the EU and the UK has agreed on a complex solution to this delicate problem. Under the proposed regime, Northern Ireland, like the rest of the UK, would leave the EU customs union, the basis for common tariffs on all products imported into the bloc. However, the necessary customs checks would not take place at the border with the Republic of Ireland, but between Northern Ireland and Great Britain, creating a new border in the Irish Sea.
Meanwhile, Northern Ireland – but not the rest of the UK – would continue to follow many of the EU`s internal market rules, so that the land border with Ireland could remain open. This regime is also supported by a separate agreement between Ireland and the United Kingdom allowing the free movement of persons between the two countries. Emergency laws require convicted terrorists to be subject to a risk assessment by a parole board before being released. The most controversial issue was the Northern Irish border with the Republic of Ireland. The border, heavily militarized during the conflict, has since become essentially invisible, with people and goods crossing freely. This was largely possible because Ireland and the United Kingdom were part of the EU single market, a common set of rules that allow the free movement of goods, services, people and money within the bloc. This is because the Good Friday Agreement has created complex agreements between the various parties. The three areas of action of the pact have created a network of institutions to govern Northern Ireland (Strand One), bring together the heads of state and government in Northern Ireland with those of Ireland (Strand Two or North-South Cooperation) and bring together heads of state and government from across the United Kingdom and Ireland (Beach 3 or East-West). There are currently more than 140 areas in Northern Ireland-Republic of Ireland, cross-border cooperation, including health services, energy infrastructure and police work. Many experts and political leaders fear that any disruption of this cooperation could undermine confidence in the agreement and hence the basis for peace in Northern Ireland. Slow progress in dismantling weapons hampered the early years of the agreement, with union leaders worried about the arsenal of the Irish Republican Army (IRA), a paramilitary organisation opposed to British rule in Northern Ireland.